Migrate GitLab Instance to new Host

Here I migrate a GitLab installation from one server to another. The hostname and IP addresses will be different. Both were installed from the Omnibus version. However, currently the exact version numbers differ.

In order to migrate successfully, both versions must be exactly the same type and version. For example, both installed using the Omnibus version and exactly the same version number.

If you are unsure whether you installed the Omnibus version, you can confirm with the below command. This will fail if not. If it returns output similar to the below, you have the Omnibus version. It also shows me that I currently have version 10.2.3 installed.

root@repo:~# gitlab-rake gitlab:env:info

System information
System:         Ubuntu 16.04
Current User:   git
Using RVM:      no
Ruby Version:   2.3.5p376
Gem Version:    2.6.13
Bundler Version:1.13.7
Rake Version:   12.1.0
Redis Version:  3.2.5
Git Version:    2.13.6
Sidekiq Version:5.0.4
Go Version:     unknown

GitLab information
Version:        10.2.3
Revision:       3141105
Directory:      /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-rails
DB Adapter:     postgresql
URL:            https://gitlab.openit-uk.com
HTTP Clone URL: https://gitlab.openit-uk.com/some-group/some-project.git
SSH Clone URL:  [email protected]:some-group/some-project.git
Using LDAP:     no
Using Omniauth: no

GitLab Shell
Version:        5.9.4
Repository storage paths:
- default:      /var/opt/gitlab/git-data/repositories
Hooks:          /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/hooks
Git:            /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/git

If you do not have the Omnibus version, consult the official documentation on how to migrate. You need to make sure the version you are going to and from are the same.

The Strategy

  1. Install GitLab on new server [10.7.3]
  2. Update old GitLab [10.2.3] to the latest version [10.7.3]
  3. Backup old GitLab
  4. Transfer backup files to new host
  5. Restore from backup on new instance

Install GitLab

Install GitLab on the new server.

Update GitLab

This can simply be achieved by updating the system.

root@repo:~# apt-get update
root@repo:~# apt-get dist-upgrade

GitLab should now be updated to the latest version. It should also have created an application backup in the below location as part of the process.

root@repo:~# ls -l /var/opt/gitlab/backups/
total 204
-rw------- 1 git git  71680 May 16 19:29 1526498956_2018_05_16_10.2.3_gitlab_backup.tar

Check the version is now the latest and the same as the origin server.

root@repo:~# gitlab-rake gitlab:env:info | grep "GitLab information" -A1
GitLab information
Version:	10.7.3

Backup GitLab

To fully backup, you need to take both a configuration and a application backup. The configuration backup includes all of GitLabs configuration including the external URL. The application backup includes all of your repositories.

Configuration Backup

All GitLab configuration is inside /etc/gitlab. To backup this directory, run:

root@repo:~# sh -c 'umask 0077; tar -cf $(date "+etc-gitlab-%s.tar") -C / etc/gitlab'

This creates the following file in the current working directory.

root@repo:~# ls -la etc-gitlab-1526500078.tar
-rw------- 1 root root 102400 May 16 19:47 etc-gitlab-1526500078.tar

With the following content.

root@repo:~# tar -tvf etc-gitlab-1526500078.tar
drwxrwxr-x root/root         0 2017-12-09 23:32 etc/gitlab/
drwxr-xr-x root/root         0 2017-12-06 14:58 etc/gitlab/trusted-certs/
drwx------ root/root         0 2017-12-09 23:41 etc/gitlab/ssl/
-rw-r--r-- root/root      2025 2017-12-09 23:09 etc/gitlab/ssl/repo.pikedom.com.crt
-rw-r--r-- root/root      1708 2017-12-09 23:08 etc/gitlab/ssl/repo.pikedom.com.key
-rw-r--r-- root/root      2025 2017-12-09 23:39 etc/gitlab/ssl/gitlab.openit-uk.com.crt
-rw-r--r-- root/root      1708 2017-12-09 23:41 etc/gitlab/ssl/gitlab.openit-uk.com.key
-rw------- root/root     14906 2018-05-16 19:31 etc/gitlab/gitlab-secrets.json
-rw------- root/root     72812 2017-12-09 23:32 etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb

Application Backup

By default, backups are kept in /var/opt/gitlab/backups.

root@repo:~# grep backup_path /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb
# gitlab_rails['manage_backup_path'] = true
# gitlab_rails['backup_path'] = "/var/opt/gitlab/backups"

If you change this location, be sure to run the below after.

root@repo:~# gitlab-ctl reconfigure

To actually take the application backup, run the following.

root@repo:~# gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:create

This creates a backup in the following location.

root@repo:~# ls -ltr /var/opt/gitlab/backups/
total 204
-rw------- 1 git git  71680 May 16 19:29 1526498956_2018_05_16_10.2.3_gitlab_backup.tar
-rw------- 1 git git 133120 May 16 20:14 1526501659_2018_05_16_10.7.3_gitlab_backup.tar

Host Backup (optional)

If rebuilding the machine and keeping the same IP, to avoid having to delete the host key entry in the ~/.ssh/know_hosts file, run the following to backup the SSH host keys.

root@repo:~# tar -cvf $(date "+hostkeys-%s.tar") $(grep HostKey /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep -v ^'#' | awk '{print $2}')


Lets zip and compress these files into a single archive for transfer. Although I don’t plan on restoring the host keys, here I zip and compress all three all the same.


Zip and compress with the following.

root@repo:~# tar -cvzf ~/gitlab-backup.tar.gz /var/opt/gitlab/backups/1526501659_2018_05_16_10.7.3_gitlab_backup.tar /root/etc-gitlab-1526500078.tar /root/hostkeys-1526501148.tar

Use scp to copy the backup securely over the internet. Here I run the below from the new GitLab server to pull the above backup to the current working directory.

root@gitlab:~# scp -v [email protected]:/root/gitlab-backup.tar.gz .

If you’d rather push it from the old server to the new, the command would be:

root@repo:~# scp -v gitlab-backup.tar.gz  [email protected]:/root/


As I am mainly concerned about the Git repositories themselves, I will only be doing an application restore.

If you are moving to a new host with the same hostname etc., you should also restore the configuration backup to /etc/gitlab/. If you want everything to be the same but the hostname is different, you can manually amend anything such as external_url before running sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure.

Extract the Restore

From the new GitLab host, as root, create the restore files.

root@gitlab:~# mkdir gitlab-restore
root@gitlab:~# mv gitlab-backup.tar.gz gitlab-restore/
root@gitlab:~# cd gitlab-restore/
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# tar -xzvf gitlab-backup.tar.gz
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# ls -l
total 244
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 240531 Nov 24 19:43 gitlab-backup.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root   4096 Nov 24 19:50 root
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root   4096 Nov 24 19:50 var

You should see something like that.

Application Backup Restore

Stop processes using the database.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-ctl stop unicorn
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-ctl stop sidekiq
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-ctl status

Check they’re actually down.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-ctl status | grep ^down

Move the application backup to the backups directory as defined in gitlab.rb and correct the owner if necessary.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# cp -v var/opt/gitlab/backups/1526501659_2018_05_16_10.7.3_gitlab_backup.tar /var/opt/gitlab/backups/
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# chown -v git:git /var/opt/gitlab/backups/1526501659_2018_05_16_10.7.3_gitlab_backup.tar

Then restore. The restore name is the same as the above file name but without the _gitlab_backup.tar bit.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:restore BACKUP=1526501659_2018_05_16_10.7.3

Now restart GitLab.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-ctl start

And check for problems.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# gitlab-rake gitlab:check SANITIZE=true

If all was successful, you should be able to log into the new site as before with whatever users you had setup. If you had 2FA enabled, you may need to restore the gitlab-secrets.json.

Configuration Backup Restore

Exactly what you choose to restore from the /etc/gitlab/ directory is up to you. Like me, none maybe necessary. If any of your users had 2FA setup, you will need to restore the gitlab-secrects.json file or else they will lose their access. If unsure, you could always do a diff to compare the differences.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore# cd root/
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# tar -vxf etc-gitlab-15*
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# diff -y --suppress-common-lines etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb

If moving to a new host but the hostname and everything should remain the same, you can simply move the old directory out the way and replace with the old.

First, stop unicorn and sidekiq at a minimum.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# gitlab-ctl stop

Then restore the configuration directory.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# mv -v /etc/gitlab{,.original}
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# mv etc/gitlab /etc/gitlab

Then start GitLab again and check.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# gitlab-ctl start
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# gitlab-rake gitlab:check SANITIZE=true

Fix any issue and then re-run if necessary. Try re-configuring if you have issues.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# gitlab-ctl reconfigure

If even the IP address remains the same as before and you want to prevent your users from seeing an SSH man-in-the-middle attack warning, you will also need to restore the HostKeys.

First extract the restored keys.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# pwd
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# ls -la hostkeys-1526501148.tar 
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 10240 Nov 24 19:36 hostkeys-1526501148.tar
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# tar -xvf hostkeys-1526501148.tar 

Then replace the HostKeys defined in your sshd_config.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# grep HostKey /etc/ssh/sshd_config
# HostKeys for protocol version 2
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key

…with the ones from your backup.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# tar -tvf hostkeys-1526501148.tar.gz 
-rw------- root/root      1679 2017-12-05 13:37 etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
-rw------- root/root       672 2017-12-05 13:37 etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key
-rw------- root/root       227 2017-12-05 13:37 etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
-rw------- root/root       399 2017-12-05 13:37 etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key

Rename the existing keys.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root#  for i in $(grep ^HostKey /etc/ssh/sshd_config | awk '{print $2}'); do sudo mv -v $i $i.bkp-$(date +%s);done

Then restore the old ones in-place.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root#  tar -xvzf hostkeys-1526501148.tar.gz -C /

Restart GitLab and check for errors.

root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# gitlab-ctl restart
root@gitlab:~/gitlab-restore/root# gitlab-rake gitlab:check SANITIZE=true



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